- SUBHRA SARITA SAHOO,YASHIKA NAWANI,VAIBHAVI PATHAK
The earth is now facing many problems such as climate changes and drought,and allof them result from human activity. Water scarcity is one of the biggest challenges because safe drinking water reducing year by year. Nothing can survive without water as well as human being so it is necessary to protect clean water from decreasing.
The major cause of water shortage are as fallow:
- Increasing demand. The continuous growth in population contributes most to the increasing demand. And on the top of this people are using water carelessly, the section of society that get easy access to water usually does not pay attention towards the wastage of water. If there is some device that can monitor the use of water by the people and set some limit and if the limit exceeds then they have to pay some penalty. This penalty can be used in cleaning of the water resourses.
- Second major demand of the water is from agricultural sector. If somehow we can calculate the moisture of the soil and add water accordingly then a lot of water can be saved, and we can use it for different purpose.
Almost everyone in the society whether rich or poor, residing in urban or rural area are affected from water scarcity and access to clean water.