A mental health disorder characterised by persistently depressed mood or loss of interest in activities, causing significant impairment in daily life.
Possible causes include a combination of biological, psychological and social sources of distress. Increasingly, research suggests that these factors may cause changes in brain function, including altered activity of certain neural circuits in the brain.
300 million people worldwide are suffering from depression. India is the most depressed country in the world, according to the World Health Organisation, followed by China and the USA. A study reported in WHO,states that at least 6.5 per cent of the Indian population suffers from some form of the serious mental disorder. One in six people aged 10-19 years is suffering from depression.
A student Ankita’s parent couldn’t understand why she didn’t want to attend school, despite getting good grades. The 11-year-old skipped meals and had angry outbursts. Her worried parents took her to a therapist. After several sessions, she told her counsellor that she was a victim of cyber bullying. There are Different Types of Depression :
1. Unipolar major depression
2. Persistent depressive disorder, also called dysthymia
3. Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder
4. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
5. Substance-induced mood disorder (SIMD)
when one has five or more of these symptoms for at least 2 weeks,the person is depressed :
1.A depressed mood during most of the day, especially in the morning.
2. They feel tired or have a lack of energy almost every day.
3. They feel worthless or guilty almost every 4.They have a hard time focusing, remembering details, and making decisions.
5.You can’t sleep or you sleep too much almost every day.
6. They have almost no interest or pleasure in many activities nearly every day.
7.They think often about death or suicide (not just a fear of death).
8. They feel restless or slowed down.
There is an old saying:Prevention is better than cure.So to prevent depression:
1) Find ways to handle stress and improve your self-esteem.
2) Take good care of yourself.
3) Get enough sleep, eat well, and exercise regularly.
5) Reach out to family and friends when times get hard.
6)Get regular medical checkups, and see your provider if you don’t feel right.
7)Get help if you think you’re depressed. If you wait, it could get worse.
There was a girl named Akasa.She was 18 years old.she was a very brilliant student.she secured 82prcnt in boards but could not clear IIT mains exam.Now she was worried about getting admision in good institution.But that girl was not rich that she could take admision in very good private college.So she decided to take admision in any private engineering college.She took admision in a private college.When the classes started she was not able to adjust there.She used to study eveeryday.But everyone started bullying .They use to disturb her.She decided to study more,but she was not able to study because of these disturbances produced by her roommates.As a result of which she stopped talking to people.She started being alone,she studied whole day.As a result she started getting depressed.Akasa did not even talk to her parents.She kept everything whatever happened to her in her mind.She never shared this with anyone.She could not bear these mental stress,so she took a blade and cut her nerves.But thankgod she was immediately taken to the hospital and she was saved.