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Ilanji – Automated irrigator

  • Arvind T, Jeev S S, Sanjith Ragul V, Abisheck Kathirvel
  • Maintenance of irrigation system is going to be a cumbersome process for large scale farmers, irrespective of crop variety and natural conditions. Farmers being the target audience, the beneficiaries of agriculture are the entire mankind. Looking towards the problem criteria:

    • Manpower in the fields of the agricultural farms has seen a tremendous loss in the past few decades, and we couldn't look up for any sort of its development in upcoming years.
      Food, being the sole purpose of our existence, it's production requires water, one of the key natural key resources. Water crisis being an old classic tale for several decades, in the present years, it has achieved its peak. Its usage has to be monitored in every way possible.
    • Mankind is prone to mistakes, the inheritance of technology along with human knowledge is required in every field. Lack of technology in the agriculture sector has led to low productivity and efficiency. Automated solutions for each process would terminate this drawback.
    • The stress and workload of each farmer had been tremendous in our country. Apart from reducing the work pressure, making them feel free and confident about the process happening in their farmland soothes their minds.
  • Users and factors affect this system acts as the user persona of the problem:

    • Farmers being the primary users, as said earlier, entire mankind acts as the users of agriculture.
    • Natural factors act as the parameters of this system, that controls the entire automation process.
    • Several factors are under consideration like Humidity, precipitation, temperature, moisture content, crop variety, plot size, elevation.
    • Apart from these, additional factors are also in consideration like the Pressure of water in pipes, the salinity of the water, farmer's available time and his schedule.
  • Q. Compared to other automated systems, how does this idea stands out?

    A. Being from an agricultural background, crisis times have hit hard with the farmers. Compared to all other available automated ideas, this idea stands out differently. All the existing ideas provide a solution for a single irrigation plot. So, this idea differs in what context? We don't just end up in regulating the water control with the input data from the field, we consider the entire plot of the land that a farmer owns, with each individual, coordinate information. Along with the plot details, we acquire the pre-existing gate valve mechanisms, which are going to be automated entirely controlled by a single controller unit.

    Q. Why would this idea be a successful one?

    A. The human brain demands proof to accept anything. The user-friendly application that would be built as a component of this project would give a clear vision about the plots of lands being irrigated, need of water in the other plots and the entire log data of the previously irrigated plots. The user interface would be entirely under the hands of the farmer allowing him to override the system at any instant he thinks for.

    When farmers get this hope, commercially the project would be reachable at no time.

    Q. How specific the customization would be available for each user?

    A. Setting up for each farm would be specific for each farmer. The entire database of plots of lands of the farmer would be fed into the controller unit, which would be a permanent change. Along with this, details about the pre-existing gate valves, which are about to be changed as automated ones, that would be entirely controlled by the controller unit will also be available in the database.

  • Scenario:

            Farmers have to manually irrigate their fields with the help of workers, which adds to the cost of production. This also means that the crops/plants don't get sufficient water or it is over irrigated which is a major factor that affects the yield of the crops.

    Before:

               The farmers have to manually irrigate their fields and have to spend a lot of time doing so. As the size of the field increases, it becomes cumbersome to keep track of which crops/plants were irrigated. During this process, a huge amount of water and the resources are wasted.

    After:

              When the proposed model is implemented in the field by the farmer, the model automatically adjusts the amount of water different crops and takes decisions based on the weather forecast and moisture content in the soil. This reduces labor costs and resource costs.

November 14, 2019

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